1. (TCOs 2 and 3) What issue is the speaker using to take a position in the following situation? Police brutality does not happen very often. Otherwise, it would not make headlines when it does happen.
2. (TCOs 2 and 3) What issue is the speaker using to take a position in the following situation? The point is that you have to believe what you see because your senses are the only tools you have for interacting with the world.
3. (TCOs 1 and 2) In this passage, identify which of the items that follow best states the primary issue discussed in the passage. What we believe, we think is reasonable, and because of that agree to it. What we disbelieve, we think is unreasonable, and because of that disagree with it. Belief, therefore, and not reason is the principle means by which most people come by their opinions.
4. (TCOs 1 and 2) In this passage, identify which of the items that follow best states the primary issue discussed in the passage. The TV show The Sopranos might have been a pretty good series without the profanity that occurred all the way through it. But without the profanity, it would not have been believable. Those people just talk that way. If you have the characters speaking Shakespearean English or middle-class suburban English, then nobody is going to pay any attention to the message because nobody will see it as realistic. It's true, of course, that like many other programs with some offensive feature whether it's bad language, sex, or whatever it will never appeal to the squeamish
5. (TCO 4) In this passage, identify which cognitive bias is being used. One state legislature was taking up a measure to ban the use of fluoride in toothpaste to prevent cavities. Said one state senator, “Everyone knows that fluoride is a poison. Do we really want to be poisoning our kids every morning?”