Claudia is a 4-year-old girl with autism. Claudia exhibits limited verbal skills, has a limited expressive vocabulary, and is difficult to understand in all settings. She will not walk across a room to request an item, but instead relies on climbing, reaching, or opening compartments to get what she desires. Claudia spends most of her day actively avoiding social communication interactions. She prefers to engage in individual activities such as jumping, spinning, swinging, and looking at books. Claudia’s assessment of social communication skills indicate that she rarely engages in joint attention experiences and uses little eye contact. In addition, she engages in few parallel play interactions with her peers. She has a difficult time expressing her feelings and emotions in an appropriate manner. She is beginning to follow one step directions and indicates understanding of the back and forth nature of communication during structured activities.
Case of Carly:
Carly is a typically developing 4-year-old girl. She is eager to talk and communicate with familiarpeersandadultsbuttendstobecomeshyaroundunfamiliarpeople. Sheiseasily understood by both familiar and unfamiliar communication partners. Her sentences contain fourormorewordsandsheenjoysaskingquestions. Hervocabularyislarge(e.g.,knowingthe parts of the body, names of common objects, animals, etc.). Carly engages in interactive play with her peers and is able to take turns, share, and cooperate in group activities. She enjoys pretendplaytypesofactivitiesandhasavividimagination. Sheexpressesemotionsverbally rather than physically. She makes eye contact appropriately and is able to follow multi-step
You are going to write a 3-5 page informative essay on language and social skill development in typically developing children and children with autism spectrum disorders. When completing this essay, be sure you:
Discuss specific early pre-verbal communication skills and examine how they can have an impact on language development in typically developing children and children with autism.
Based on the case studies provided, compare and contrast the language and social skill development of Claudia and Carly given the descriptions above.