What is personality?
Personality may be described in terms of types, traits, or factors. What do these terms mean and how are they useful?
How might an understanding of personality development or how does using a particular developmental model influence the conceptualization of a client’s problems? (think about the lens in which you are viewing the client).
In psychoanalytic theory, what is the function of each of the three parts of the personality?
What methods do analytic therapists use to help a client discover unconscious material?
Explain the differences among positive reinforcement, negative reinforcement, and punishment.
Describe how shaping builds new behaviors.
Explain token economies and how they may be used in an educational or clinical setting.
How do cognitive theorists understand personality dysfunction?
What is meant by irrational beliefs?
Discuss the A-B-C theory of personality.
Person-centered therapy requires the use of unconditional positive regard as one of the necessary components of the therapeutic approach. In what way might this become problematic with a difficult or oppositional client or with a client you do not personally like?
What do the existential, person-centered, and Gestalt approaches have in common?
In general, clients from minority groups may prefer engaging in which of the following counseling approaches?
There are many effective counseling techniques used by counselors who practice from a behavioral perspective. Two of these are systematic desensitization and stress inoculation. Who are the theorists most closely associated with these techniques?
Joseph Wolpe and Donald Meichanbaum
Gordon Allport and Aaron Beck
Alfred Adler and Joseph Wolpe
Donald Michanbaum and Robert Carkhuff